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Description of Hells in Sanatana Dharma

In National on July 8, 2012 at 6:40 pm

Photo: Description of HELLS.

Every body is afraid of hell. But nobody performs good activities to avoid hell. Man should know the bad activities because of which he goes to hell. In many scriptures we find details about hells and sufferings therein. Last chapter of fifth chanto of Srimad Bhagavatam Purana deals with this subject. 

King parikshit inquired about various hells: 

narka nama bhagavan kim deshvisesa athva bahistrilokya ahosdvidantral iti. (bhagavata. 5-26-4) 

O my Gurudeva, Sri Sukadeva Goswami ; Are there hells? Are hells on the face of this earth or are they located outside the universe or inside it? I want to know about location of all hells. 

Sri Sukdeva maharaj said, 

Antral eva trijagatyastu dishi dakshinsyam-adhstat bhumeruparistachch jalad yasyam-agnisvattadya : 

Oh King Parikshit ! Hells lie within this universe. They are below the earth and above the water on the southern side of the Earth.. There reside the group of the manes called the Agniswattas (Pitraganas). 

All hells are controlled by Yamaraj who is son of Sun-God. Yamaraj is brother of Yamuna river being daughter of Sun-God. Hells are department of punishment. Yamaraj is ruler of hells. He inflicts punishment to those who violet the commands of penal code of the Almighty Lord. There are 28 hells. They are;- 

1. Tamisra 2. Andhatamisra, 3. Raurava, 4. Maha-raurava, 5. Kumbhi - paka, 6. Kaal- Sutra, 7. Asipatra-vana, 8. Sukar -mukha, 9. Andha kupa, 10. Krimi -bhojana, 11. Sandansa, 12. Tapta-surmi, 13. Vajra kantak salmali. 14. Vaitarni, 15. Puyoda, 16. Prananirodha 17. Visasana, 18. Lala-bhaksha, 19. Sarameya-dana, 20. Avichimat, 21. Ayahpaana, 22. Kshara-kardama, 23. Raksho -gan-bhojana, 24. Shul-proto, 25. Danda-suka , 26. Avata-nirodhana, 27. Paryavartana 28. Suchi-mukha. ?

These are twenty eight hells, places where tortures of various kinds is given by servants of Yamaraj according to the sinful activities. Whoever commits sins he goes to any of these hells. He may be x y z.. 

1.Tamisra Hell :- Who goes to this hell. Man who takes way wealth of others by fraud or kidnaps child or wife of other by force, goes to this hell. Servants of Yamaraj forcibly throw him into this Tamisra hell. 

In this hell there is only darkness and no water and no food is given. They are belaboured with cudgels, and severely scolded and with other tortures. Jiva is filled with dismay and falls into a swoon that very moment but nobody has mercy to protect him because everybody is suffering there like him. Who protects whom? 

2. Andha-tamisra hell ; Who goes to this hell? One who enjoys the wife, daughter, sister etc., of another and deceive others, goes to this hell. Therefore man should not have sexual relation with the wife, daughter and sister of another. Unauthorised relation with any women is cause of our sufferings in this hell. Illicit relation takes us to this hell. Enjoyments always gives suffering in due course of time. Man is thrown into this hell like uprooted tree. He is deprived of everything. This hell is full of blinding darkness. Dreadful servants of Yamaraj inflict severe various kinds of punishments according to nature of bad karmas. 

3. Raurava hell ; Who goes to Raurava narka? One who has attachment with his wife, husband, children and other relations and nourishes them from day to day through hostility to other living beings in this world, goes to this Raurava hell. He also identifies himself with his body. Such a person goes to Raurava Naraka. One who thinks that wife, children, house and other belongings, belong to him only, goes to this hell. Here everything belongs to God and not to us. Nothing is there in this world for our enjoyment. Only God is enjoyer of all things. So we should not claim that everything belongs to us for our enjoyment. This is illusion or Maya. 

All creatures ( Jivas) killed by him are born in this Raurava hell as Rurus. They kill the same fellow who killed them on this earth. Rurus are more ferocious than a snake. These Rurus kill the same fellow who previously killed them, in same way they were killed by him. Raurava hell is full of Rurus and is very danger. 

4. Maharaurav hell : Who goes to this hell? This is more danger than raurava naraka. In this hell a kind of Rurus called krvyada live . These Krvyadas eat flesh of those who come to this hell. By nature they are flesh- eater. Who are thrown into this Hell. A man who nourishes his own body and hates other living beings, is thrown into this hell by servants of Yamaraj. 

5.Kumbhi- paka hell: Who goes to this hell? Those who eat flesh of man also. They are so cruel that they kill and cook beasts and birds alive and eat. They go to this Kumbhipaka hell. They are Rakshas. They are thrown into this hell. Servants of Yamaraj fry them mercilessly in boiling oil. Meat-eating is prohibited at any cost. Whose meat we eat here , after this birth they eat our flesh. 

6.Kalasutra hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who are hostile to their father, mother, Gurudeva, Brahmin and Vedas, they are forcily thrown into this hell. In this Kalasutra hell, earth is made of copper sheet. Copper sheets are heated by fire. This hell is exclusively heated above by sun and below by fire and becomes very hot like fire. This hell has circumference of ten thousand Yojanas. Mind and body are tormented with hunger and thirst, yet man continues to stay there for as many thousand years as there are hair on the body of beast . He is not better than animal, now sitting, now lying down and rolling about, springing on his feet and running in every direction restlessly . He cries for help but nobody helps him because those who are there, all are suffering like him. 

7. Asipatra-vana hell ( cluster of trees having sword-like leaves) ; Who goes to this hell? One who does not follow vedic culture or the Vedic teachings and accepts heretic creed, is thrown into this hell by servants of Yamaraj. They beat him by whips in this hell. He runs there to and fro with all his limbs being torn by the sword like leaves with shape-edged on both side of Palmyra trees in that grove, and crying. Ah ! I am finished he drops down unconscious at every step through excessive agony and apostate as he is reaps the fruits of the sin attaching to heretics. 

8. Sukar-mukha hell: Who goes to this hell? If king or his officers punish undeserving brahmina go to this hell. Limbs of their body are crushed by most powerful hands like piece of sugarcane is crushed in a cane-crushing machine. These cruel kings and their officers are filled with great consternation shrieking in a piteous tone and now fainting , even like men who were detained by them here, though not found guilty. So before inflicting any kind of punishment king should know as to who is really guilty. To punish a man who is not guilty, is a great sin because of which punisher goes and suffers in this Sukarmukh hell. 

9.Andhakupa hell : Who goes to this hell? One who follows rules and regulation of Varna-Ashrama divisions of society viz Brahmina, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudra; Brahmachary, Householder, Vanprasthi and Sannyasi.. These are called stages of life created by cosmic Person Himself. Even after following these varna-ashram social - tradition, if a man inflicts pain on the creatures whose means of living is sucking the human blood determined by God Himself, he goes to this hell. He hated and killed dear and other beasts, and reptiles, mosquitoes and lice (louse), bugs and flies and other living beings because of which he is thrown into this Andhakupa hell. All creatures killed by him, take revenge here in this hell. Jiva become restless in darkness. 

10. Krimi-bhojan hell : Who goes to his hell? One who eats everything whatever he gets and does not give share to others; and does not perform the five sacrifices which should be done by householders. He goes to this hell. It is said in scriptures that a householder should take his meal only after he has fed a stranger waiting at his door, the servants of house, the young children and the aged of the family, married sisters and daughters and so on who are present at the time. If one does not follow all these rules he goes to Krimibhojan hell. It is worst hell. Man is born in this hell as a worm in a pool full of worms. This hell is a hundred thousand Yojanain in extent. 

Those who ate food a part of which had not been given to others and not offered as oblation to fire, they live in this hell as worms and are tortured by the servants of Yamaraj. 

11. Sandansa hell ; Who goes to this hell? Those who take away by theft or force gold, or jewels etc. of Brahmina or otherwise than in any emergency warranting such a course even to another, go to Sandansa hell. In this hell servants of Yamaraj,tear with red-hot balls of iron or pairs of nippers the skin of men. Therefore one should not take away by theft or force the things blonging to others. 

12. Tapta-surmi hell ; Who goes to this hell? Man who has sexual intercourse with unauthorised woman and woman who unites sexually with a man unworthy of being so approached, are thrown in this hell. In this hell servants of Yamaraj force the man to embrace a red-hot iron image of a woman and the woman a similar images of a male. They are beaten with whips by the servants of Yamaraj if they do not embrace red-iron image of man and woman. They suffer and cry but no mercy upon them. They must suffer because of illicit relation with a man or a woman. 

13.Vajra-kantaka-salmali hell : Who goes to this hell? A man who has sexual intercourse with all including animals goes to this hell. In this hell the servants of Yamaraja forcely place man on a silk-cotton tree bristling with adamantine thorns and drag him down along the thorns so as to tear his body. Man cries but useless. 

14. Vaitarni hell : Who goes to this hell? This is river full of flood, ordure, urine , pus ‘blood, hair, nails, bones fat, flesh and marrow. Men belonging to ruling class or officers of a king who transgress the bounds of piety as prescribed by the Vedas and has not embraced a heretic creed fall into this river called Vaitarni river. They are thrown by the servants of Yamaraj because they violated restrictions imposed by religion. They are gnawed in this river by hosts of aquatic animals. Yet not separated from their body or life and sustained by their own sin. They feel greatly distressed by thought of bitter fruits of their sins or bad deeds. 

15.Puyoda hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who born in high pedigree but kept low-caste woman in their house for sensual enjoyments and do not accept purity, pious conduct and restrictions about feeding and drinking. They lead a life of beasts abandoning all shames. Such persons are thrown into this ocean-like pond known as Puyoda hell. This hell is full of brim with pus, faeces, urine, phlegm and dirt, and feed stuff. Servants of Yamaraj punish in various ways here in this hell. 

16.Prana-nirodha hell : Who goes to this hell? Brahmins and others who rearing dogs and donkeys and taking delight in chase, actually kill ani mals, are thrown into this Prana-nirodha hell. In this hell servants of Yamaraj pierce their bodies with arrows. They cry restlessly for help but nobody listen as all are crying. 

17.Visasan hell : Who goes to this hell? On this earth those who slaughter animals in sacrifices performed for mere show to deceived others, are thrown into this Visasan hell. Officers of Yamaraj put to great torture and hack to pieces in the other world those hypocrites’ 

18. Lalabhaksha hell: Who goes to this hell? This hell is river full of semen. Sinful Brahmin, blinded by passion, who causes his wife of his caste to drink his semen and make her drink his fill of that semen, is thrown into this river. 

19. Sarameyadana hell : Who goes to this hell? Robbers, Kings, soldiers of Kings‘ Army who resorting to arson and poisoning actually loot villages and companies of merchants traveling together, are thrown into this hell by the servants of God of death. In this hell seven hundred and twenty hounds (dogs for chase) with adamantine teeth munch (chew with relish) the bodies of those who are fallen in this hell. These chasing dogs are servants of Yamaraj. These hounds or chasing dogs represents three hundred and sixty days and the same number of nights constituting a year. They eat flesh of men in this hell who had resorted to arson the Villages and loot the traveling merchants. 

20. Avichimat hell.: Who goes to this hell? Persons who speak lie while giving evidence in the court of law (law suit), in buying and selling the goods or while making gift, on any account whatsoever. They are hurled or thrown headlong after death into this Avichimat hell from a mountain-top ( a hundred yojanas high). When they thrown from mountain there is no support to stand upon because of the steep nature of mountain. There land with a rocky surface appears like water but not water there. So this hell is called Avichimat hell having no water. In this hell man does not die even his body continues to be shattered to minute particles and falls down the moment he is lifted up to the mountain-top again. Liars get such a punishment in this hell. 

21.Ayahpana hell : Who goes to this hell? If a Brahmin of priestly class or his wife or anyone observing a sacred vow actually drinks wine due to perversity (peevishness) are thrown into this hell. If a Kshatriya belonging to ruling or warrior class, or Vaisya belonging to the trading ( business class) and agricultural classes) drinks the extract of the soma plant, are thrown into this hell. In this Ayapana hell servant of Yamaraj pour iron melted with fire into their mouths pressing their bosom (heart) with their foot. 

22. Ksharakardama hell: Who goes to this hell? One who is from lowest strata of society but refuses to respect his superiors in pedigree, austerity, learning, pious conduct, Varna (grade in society) and Ashrama ( stage of life) is as good as dead body. He is thrown into this hell. Indeed he suffers in terminable tortures when thrown into this hell after death. 

23. Rakshogana-bhojana hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who propitiate Goddess Bhadra kali, The God Bhairava and other deities by actually sacrificing human beings to them and women who eat the meat of such human victims are thrown into this hell. And the men slaughtered like beasts are reborn as torturing agents in the form of troops of Raksasas in the abode of Yamaraj known as Raksoganbhojana hell. They cut those men and women into slices with their sword like butchers, drink their hot blood and dance and sing in great merriment even as those men and women who ate the meat of their human victims on the earth. 

24. Sulaprota hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who torture innocent creatures in the woods or in their villages. Innocent creatures are anxious to survive; inspire them with confidence by various kinds of allurement. When they come near; and treating them as playthings thereafter they are transfixed with an iron pin or tied with a thread, they are tortured. These people who torture innocent animals, are thrown into this hell. They are also tortured by Yamaraj in the same way they tortured innocent creatures. After death they are tormented with hunger and thirst and assailed on every side at every step by buzzards, quails and other birds with pointed bills. 

25. Dandasuka hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who are fierce by nature like serpents and actually molest living beings on the earth, after death they fall into the hell called Dandasuka. Serpents with five and even more heads approach and devour them as they would devour rats. 

26. Avata-nirodhana hell: Who goes to this hell? Persons who shut up living beings on this earth in dark holes, granaries and caves etc., are thrown into this hell. Servants of Yamaraj also thrust them into dark holes, granaries and caves and confine them there with poisonous fire and smoke. 

27. Paryavartana hell : Who goes to this hell? Persons who are sinful-eyes householders and full of wrath, look on strangers or other known visitors with a malicious eye again and again as if he would actually burn them, are thrown into this hell. In this hell Vultures, buzzards, crows, quails and other birds with adamantine bills forcible pluck out their eyes with great might. 

28. Suchimukha hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who are proud of their opulence and full of egotism look askance at others and distrusts all including their elders. Their hearts and face withering through anxiety about their wealth being exhausted or lost and themselves knowing no peace of minds, guard their treasure like a devil. They accumulate sins in the process of earning, augmenting and preserving wealth. Consequently, after death they fall into this Suchimukha hell. In this hell servants of Yamaraj like tailors stitch all over the body of these sinful men, clinging to wealth like a demon. Sri Suka deva Maharaj described about these hells in Srimad Bhagavatam (5/26/5-37) to King Parikshit 

Further Sri Sukadeva maharaj said, O King ! Parikshit 

Evam vidha narka yamalaye santi  
shatashah sahastrashastesu sarvesu
cha sarvam evayadharm-vartino

There are hundreds and thousands hells in the abode of Yamaraj. Here only important hells have been described. Those who follow path of unrighteousness fall into these hells ; and those who follow the path of virtue enter heaven or other good regions. With the residue of both virtue and sin when the fruit of the bulk of their stock has been reaped they both (virtuous as well as the sinful return to this land of Bharatavarsa ( land of rebirth). 

Those who hear legends of Vedas, Puranas, Gita with firm faith and reverence, are capable of destroying all their sins. After hearing glories of God they repeat with devotion never go to hells nor dare the servants of Yamaraj look at them . 

By Bhakti Prabhav Mahavir Goswami Maharaj
||HaRe KriShnA||

Description of HELLS.

Every body is afraid of hell. But nobody performs good activities to avoid hell. Man should know the bad activities because of which he goes to hell. In many scriptures we find details about hells and sufferings therein. Last chapter of fifth chanto of Srimad Bhagavatam Purana deals with this subject.

King parikshit inquired about various hells:

narka nama bhagavan kim deshvisesa athva bahistrilokya ahosdvidantral iti. (bhagavata. 5-26-4)

O my Gurudeva, Sri Sukadeva Goswami ; Are there hells? Are hells on the face of this earth or are they located outside the universe or inside it? I want to know about location of all hells.

Sri Sukdeva maharaj said,

Antral eva trijagatyastu dishi dakshinsyam-adhstat bhumeruparistachch jalad yasyam-agnisvattadya :

Oh King Parikshit ! Hells lie within this universe. They are below the earth and above the water on the southern side of the Earth.. There reside the group of the manes called the Agniswattas (Pitraganas).

All hells are controlled by Yamaraj who is son of Sun-God. Yamaraj is brother of Yamuna river being daughter of Sun-God. Hells are department of punishment. Yamaraj is ruler of hells. He inflicts punishment to those who violet the commands of penal code of the Almighty Lord. There are 28 hells. They are;-

1. Tamisra 2. Andhatamisra, 3. Raurava, 4. Maha-raurava, 5. Kumbhi – paka, 6. Kaal- Sutra, 7. Asipatra-vana, 8. Sukar -mukha, 9. Andha kupa, 10. Krimi -bhojana, 11. Sandansa, 12. Tapta-surmi, 13. Vajra kantak salmali. 14. Vaitarni, 15. Puyoda, 16. Prananirodha 17. Visasana, 18. Lala-bhaksha, 19. Sarameya-dana, 20. Avichimat, 21. Ayahpaana, 22. Kshara-kardama, 23. Raksho -gan-bhojana, 24. Shul-proto, 25. Danda-suka , 26. Avata-nirodhana, 27. Paryavartana 28. Suchi-mukha. ?

These are twenty eight hells, places where tortures of various kinds is given by servants of Yamaraj according to the sinful activities. Whoever commits sins he goes to any of these hells. He may be x y z..

1.Tamisra Hell :- Who goes to this hell. Man who takes way wealth of others by fraud or kidnaps child or wife of other by force, goes to this hell. Servants of Yamaraj forcibly throw him into this Tamisra hell.

In this hell there is only darkness and no water and no food is given. They are belaboured with cudgels, and severely scolded and with other tortures. Jiva is filled with dismay and falls into a swoon that very moment but nobody has mercy to protect him because everybody is suffering there like him. Who protects whom?

2. Andha-tamisra hell ; Who goes to this hell? One who enjoys the wife, daughter, sister etc., of another and deceive others, goes to this hell. Therefore man should not have sexual relation with the wife, daughter and sister of another. Unauthorised relation with any women is cause of our sufferings in this hell. Illicit relation takes us to this hell. Enjoyments always gives suffering in due course of time. Man is thrown into this hell like uprooted tree. He is deprived of everything. This hell is full of blinding darkness. Dreadful servants of Yamaraj inflict severe various kinds of punishments according to nature of bad karmas.

3. Raurava hell ; Who goes to Raurava narka? One who has attachment with his wife, husband, children and other relations and nourishes them from day to day through hostility to other living beings in this world, goes to this Raurava hell. He also identifies himself with his body. Such a person goes to Raurava Naraka. One who thinks that wife, children, house and other belongings, belong to him only, goes to this hell. Here everything belongs to God and not to us. Nothing is there in this world for our enjoyment. Only God is enjoyer of all things. So we should not claim that everything belongs to us for our enjoyment. This is illusion or Maya.

All creatures ( Jivas) killed by him are born in this Raurava hell as Rurus. They kill the same fellow who killed them on this earth. Rurus are more ferocious than a snake. These Rurus kill the same fellow who previously killed them, in same way they were killed by him. Raurava hell is full of Rurus and is very danger.

4. Maharaurav hell : Who goes to this hell? This is more danger than raurava naraka. In this hell a kind of Rurus called krvyada live . These Krvyadas eat flesh of those who come to this hell. By nature they are flesh- eater. Who are thrown into this Hell. A man who nourishes his own body and hates other living beings, is thrown into this hell by servants of Yamaraj.

5.Kumbhi- paka hell: Who goes to this hell? Those who eat flesh of man also. They are so cruel that they kill and cook beasts and birds alive and eat. They go to this Kumbhipaka hell. They are Rakshas. They are thrown into this hell. Servants of Yamaraj fry them mercilessly in boiling oil. Meat-eating is prohibited at any cost. Whose meat we eat here , after this birth they eat our flesh.

6.Kalasutra hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who are hostile to their father, mother, Gurudeva, Brahmin and Vedas, they are forcily thrown into this hell. In this Kalasutra hell, earth is made of copper sheet. Copper sheets are heated by fire. This hell is exclusively heated above by sun and below by fire and becomes very hot like fire. This hell has circumference of ten thousand Yojanas. Mind and body are tormented with hunger and thirst, yet man continues to stay there for as many thousand years as there are hair on the body of beast . He is not better than animal, now sitting, now lying down and rolling about, springing on his feet and running in every direction restlessly . He cries for help but nobody helps him because those who are there, all are suffering like him.

7. Asipatra-vana hell ( cluster of trees having sword-like leaves) ; Who goes to this hell? One who does not follow vedic culture or the Vedic teachings and accepts heretic creed, is thrown into this hell by servants of Yamaraj. They beat him by whips in this hell. He runs there to and fro with all his limbs being torn by the sword like leaves with shape-edged on both side of Palmyra trees in that grove, and crying. Ah ! I am finished he drops down unconscious at every step through excessive agony and apostate as he is reaps the fruits of the sin attaching to heretics.

8. Sukar-mukha hell: Who goes to this hell? If king or his officers punish undeserving brahmina go to this hell. Limbs of their body are crushed by most powerful hands like piece of sugarcane is crushed in a cane-crushing machine. These cruel kings and their officers are filled with great consternation shrieking in a piteous tone and now fainting , even like men who were detained by them here, though not found guilty. So before inflicting any kind of punishment king should know as to who is really guilty. To punish a man who is not guilty, is a great sin because of which punisher goes and suffers in this Sukarmukh hell.

9.Andhakupa hell : Who goes to this hell? One who follows rules and regulation of Varna-Ashrama divisions of society viz Brahmina, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudra; Brahmachary, Householder, Vanprasthi and Sannyasi.. These are called stages of life created by cosmic Person Himself. Even after following these varna-ashram social – tradition, if a man inflicts pain on the creatures whose means of living is sucking the human blood determined by God Himself, he goes to this hell. He hated and killed dear and other beasts, and reptiles, mosquitoes and lice (louse), bugs and flies and other living beings because of which he is thrown into this Andhakupa hell. All creatures killed by him, take revenge here in this hell. Jiva become restless in darkness.

10. Krimi-bhojan hell : Who goes to his hell? One who eats everything whatever he gets and does not give share to others; and does not perform the five sacrifices which should be done by householders. He goes to this hell. It is said in scriptures that a householder should take his meal only after he has fed a stranger waiting at his door, the servants of house, the young children and the aged of the family, married sisters and daughters and so on who are present at the time. If one does not follow all these rules he goes to Krimibhojan hell. It is worst hell. Man is born in this hell as a worm in a pool full of worms. This hell is a hundred thousand Yojanain in extent.

Those who ate food a part of which had not been given to others and not offered as oblation to fire, they live in this hell as worms and are tortured by the servants of Yamaraj.

11. Sandansa hell ; Who goes to this hell? Those who take away by theft or force gold, or jewels etc. of Brahmina or otherwise than in any emergency warranting such a course even to another, go to Sandansa hell. In this hell servants of Yamaraj,tear with red-hot balls of iron or pairs of nippers the skin of men. Therefore one should not take away by theft or force the things blonging to others.

12. Tapta-surmi hell ; Who goes to this hell? Man who has sexual intercourse with unauthorised woman and woman who unites sexually with a man unworthy of being so approached, are thrown in this hell. In this hell servants of Yamaraj force the man to embrace a red-hot iron image of a woman and the woman a similar images of a male. They are beaten with whips by the servants of Yamaraj if they do not embrace red-iron image of man and woman. They suffer and cry but no mercy upon them. They must suffer because of illicit relation with a man or a woman.

13.Vajra-kantaka-salmali hell : Who goes to this hell? A man who has sexual intercourse with all including animals goes to this hell. In this hell the servants of Yamaraja forcely place man on a silk-cotton tree bristling with adamantine thorns and drag him down along the thorns so as to tear his body. Man cries but useless.

14. Vaitarni hell : Who goes to this hell? This is river full of flood, ordure, urine , pus ‘blood, hair, nails, bones fat, flesh and marrow. Men belonging to ruling class or officers of a king who transgress the bounds of piety as prescribed by the Vedas and has not embraced a heretic creed fall into this river called Vaitarni river. They are thrown by the servants of Yamaraj because they violated restrictions imposed by religion. They are gnawed in this river by hosts of aquatic animals. Yet not separated from their body or life and sustained by their own sin. They feel greatly distressed by thought of bitter fruits of their sins or bad deeds.

15.Puyoda hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who born in high pedigree but kept low-caste woman in their house for sensual enjoyments and do not accept purity, pious conduct and restrictions about feeding and drinking. They lead a life of beasts abandoning all shames. Such persons are thrown into this ocean-like pond known as Puyoda hell. This hell is full of brim with pus, faeces, urine, phlegm and dirt, and feed stuff. Servants of Yamaraj punish in various ways here in this hell.

16.Prana-nirodha hell : Who goes to this hell? Brahmins and others who rearing dogs and donkeys and taking delight in chase, actually kill ani mals, are thrown into this Prana-nirodha hell. In this hell servants of Yamaraj pierce their bodies with arrows. They cry restlessly for help but nobody listen as all are crying.

17.Visasan hell : Who goes to this hell? On this earth those who slaughter animals in sacrifices performed for mere show to deceived others, are thrown into this Visasan hell. Officers of Yamaraj put to great torture and hack to pieces in the other world those hypocrites’

18. Lalabhaksha hell: Who goes to this hell? This hell is river full of semen. Sinful Brahmin, blinded by passion, who causes his wife of his caste to drink his semen and make her drink his fill of that semen, is thrown into this river.

19. Sarameyadana hell : Who goes to this hell? Robbers, Kings, soldiers of Kings‘ Army who resorting to arson and poisoning actually loot villages and companies of merchants traveling together, are thrown into this hell by the servants of God of death. In this hell seven hundred and twenty hounds (dogs for chase) with adamantine teeth munch (chew with relish) the bodies of those who are fallen in this hell. These chasing dogs are servants of Yamaraj. These hounds or chasing dogs represents three hundred and sixty days and the same number of nights constituting a year. They eat flesh of men in this hell who had resorted to arson the Villages and loot the traveling merchants.

20. Avichimat hell.: Who goes to this hell? Persons who speak lie while giving evidence in the court of law (law suit), in buying and selling the goods or while making gift, on any account whatsoever. They are hurled or thrown headlong after death into this Avichimat hell from a mountain-top ( a hundred yojanas high). When they thrown from mountain there is no support to stand upon because of the steep nature of mountain. There land with a rocky surface appears like water but not water there. So this hell is called Avichimat hell having no water. In this hell man does not die even his body continues to be shattered to minute particles and falls down the moment he is lifted up to the mountain-top again. Liars get such a punishment in this hell.

21.Ayahpana hell : Who goes to this hell? If a Brahmin of priestly class or his wife or anyone observing a sacred vow actually drinks wine due to perversity (peevishness) are thrown into this hell. If a Kshatriya belonging to ruling or warrior class, or Vaisya belonging to the trading ( business class) and agricultural classes) drinks the extract of the soma plant, are thrown into this hell. In this Ayapana hell servant of Yamaraj pour iron melted with fire into their mouths pressing their bosom (heart) with their foot.

22. Ksharakardama hell: Who goes to this hell? One who is from lowest strata of society but refuses to respect his superiors in pedigree, austerity, learning, pious conduct, Varna (grade in society) and Ashrama ( stage of life) is as good as dead body. He is thrown into this hell. Indeed he suffers in terminable tortures when thrown into this hell after death.

23. Rakshogana-bhojana hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who propitiate Goddess Bhadra kali, The God Bhairava and other deities by actually sacrificing human beings to them and women who eat the meat of such human victims are thrown into this hell. And the men slaughtered like beasts are reborn as torturing agents in the form of troops of Raksasas in the abode of Yamaraj known as Raksoganbhojana hell. They cut those men and women into slices with their sword like butchers, drink their hot blood and dance and sing in great merriment even as those men and women who ate the meat of their human victims on the earth.

24. Sulaprota hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who torture innocent creatures in the woods or in their villages. Innocent creatures are anxious to survive; inspire them with confidence by various kinds of allurement. When they come near; and treating them as playthings thereafter they are transfixed with an iron pin or tied with a thread, they are tortured. These people who torture innocent animals, are thrown into this hell. They are also tortured by Yamaraj in the same way they tortured innocent creatures. After death they are tormented with hunger and thirst and assailed on every side at every step by buzzards, quails and other birds with pointed bills.

25. Dandasuka hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who are fierce by nature like serpents and actually molest living beings on the earth, after death they fall into the hell called Dandasuka. Serpents with five and even more heads approach and devour them as they would devour rats.

26. Avata-nirodhana hell: Who goes to this hell? Persons who shut up living beings on this earth in dark holes, granaries and caves etc., are thrown into this hell. Servants of Yamaraj also thrust them into dark holes, granaries and caves and confine them there with poisonous fire and smoke.

27. Paryavartana hell : Who goes to this hell? Persons who are sinful-eyes householders and full of wrath, look on strangers or other known visitors with a malicious eye again and again as if he would actually burn them, are thrown into this hell. In this hell Vultures, buzzards, crows, quails and other birds with adamantine bills forcible pluck out their eyes with great might.

28. Suchimukha hell : Who goes to this hell? Those who are proud of their opulence and full of egotism look askance at others and distrusts all including their elders. Their hearts and face withering through anxiety about their wealth being exhausted or lost and themselves knowing no peace of minds, guard their treasure like a devil. They accumulate sins in the process of earning, augmenting and preserving wealth. Consequently, after death they fall into this Suchimukha hell. In this hell servants of Yamaraj like tailors stitch all over the body of these sinful men, clinging to wealth like a demon. Sri Suka deva Maharaj described about these hells in Srimad Bhagavatam (5/26/5-37) to King Parikshit

Further Sri Sukadeva maharaj said, O King ! Parikshit

Evam vidha narka yamalaye santi
shatashah sahastrashastesu sarvesu
cha sarvam evayadharm-vartino

There are hundreds and thousands hells in the abode of Yamaraj. Here only important hells have been described. Those who follow path of unrighteousness fall into these hells ; and those who follow the path of virtue enter heaven or other good regions. With the residue of both virtue and sin when the fruit of the bulk of their stock has been reaped they both (virtuous as well as the sinful return to this land of Bharatavarsa ( land of rebirth).

Those who hear legends of Vedas, Puranas, Gita with firm faith and reverence, are capable of destroying all their sins. After hearing glories of God they repeat with devotion never go to hells nor dare the servants of Yamaraj look at them .

By Bhakti Prabhav Mahavir Goswami Maharaj
||HaRe KriShnA||

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